Supports Engraving and V-Carving
Uses CXF and TTF fonts
Imports DXF and Bitmap images


Related Links


F-Engrave is a text or image to g-code program (for both engraving and v-carving) that is written in python and is based on the text engraving software (engrave-11) available in the LinuxCNCKnowledgeBase. The name F-Engrave is simply the predecessor programs name "engrave" with an "F" slapped on to indicate that the program can perform more formating functions like justification (left, right and center) and text on a circle. When I first released the program I had no idea I was going to add v-carving or DXF features so the name does not reflect any of those features. F-Engrave is a free open source program released under the GNU General Public License (GPL) Version 3. There is not much left of the original engrave-11 script but I needed a jumping off point. One of the things that remained intact for the most part is the CXF font reading. (although I tweaked it to accept a second variation of the CXF font format.)

F-Engrave Features

- V-carve for outline fonts, images and DXF files (DXF files and fonts should be composed of closed section loops when v-carving)
- V-Carve inlay support (see video below)
- B-Carving, v-carving with a ball nose bit instead of a v-bit (see image below)
- Straight bit pocketing (in the v-carve window) cut pockets using a straight bit.
- Imports DXF files
- Imports bitmap images (with Potrace helper program)
- Uses TTF font files (with the help of ttf2cxf_stream, not all formats are supported)
- Capable of exporting Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) file
- Opens previously saved G-Code file and retrieve the settings and text
- Supports multiple lines of text with justification (Left, Right and Centered)
- Mirroring text (vertical) and flipping text (horizontal)
- Create text that follows an arc
- Origin selection allows user to select the location of g-code zero position
- Display line thickness to be used during engraving allows visualization of end result
- Use inches or mm as export units
- Customizable G-Code preamble and post-amble
- Usable as an LinuxCNC Axis filter program (open the f-engrave.py file from within LinuxCNC Axis File-Open-f-engrave.py. when you are finished with your text select File-Write To Axis and Exit, This option only existed when executed from within Axis)

Changes in Version 1.56

- Changed line/curve fitting to use Douglas-Peucker curve fitting routine originally from LinuxCNC image2gcode (This results in smaller output files.)
- Re-enabled the use of #2 variable when engraving with variable enabled (was broken in previous version)
- Fixed SVG export (was broken in previous version)
- A few other miscellaneous repairs/improvements.

Changes in Version 1.57

- Fixed feed rate. Changes in 1.56 resulted in feed rate not being written to g-code file.

Changes in Version 1.58

- Fixed some special cases which resulted in errors being thrown (v-carve single lines)
- Changed the default settings to be more compatible with incomplete g-code interpretors like GRBL

Changes in Version 1.59

-Fixed bug in arc fitting - Rewrote Cleanup operation calculations (fixes a bug that resulted in some areas not being cleaned up
- Changed flip normals behavior, There are now two options: Flip Normals and Add Box (Flip Normals)
- Changed prismatic cut to allow the use of either of the two Flip normals options (one of the two Flip normals options must be selected for the inlay cuts to be performed properly
- Added DXF Export option (with and without auto closed loops)

For the full history look at the
F-Engrave Change Log


(Right click on the link and select "Save target as" or "Save link as")
Source files
(zip file)
Windows Executable Files
(zip file)
Python File Only (.py - text file)
(No True Type Font (TTF) support)

If the windows executable does not work right away install the
“ Microsoft Visual C++ 2005 Redistributable Package (x86)”. The program I use to create the Windows executables (py2exe) has a dependency to this package.


F-Engrave Setup

F-Engrave V-Carving Tutorial (PDF Version: F-engrave_tutorial.pdf) (BMP File Used in Tutorial: Polski_Crest.bmp)

F-Engrave Manual

F-Engrave V-Carve Algebra/Geometry Details

The video embedded below shows the process to make a v-carve inlay using a bitmap file with F-Engrave.


F-Engrave can generate tool paths for v-carving. I posted algebra behind the geometric calculations here:Algebra/Geometry.

V-Carve Pic
Sample v-carve generated using F-Engrave. See the Video

F-Engrave can also generate tool paths for b-carving. What is b-carving? B-carving is analogous to v-carving only the bit used in b-carving is a round nose (ball nose) cutter.

B-Carve Pic
Sample b-carve generated using F-Engrave (pictured with the round nose bit used to cut the letters.)

Mayan/Aztec Pattern pic Theater Masks pic
Tribal Pattern pic celtic bird pic
Other v-carvings made with F-Engrave.


- Déjà vu detection (Try not to carve the same place twice)
- More Documentation

Related Links

Utility that converts True Type font (TTF) files into CXF format:
TTF2CXF (Ribbonsoft) (To compile on Ubuntu I had to add "-lm" in the Makefile and "#include <math.h>" in the main.cpp file.)
F-Engrave uses a modified version of TTF2CXF (called TTF2CXF_STREAM) to import TTF fonts on the fly. The source for TTF2CXF_STREAM is available in the F-Engrave source code zip file.
Font File Links:
Hershey Fonts (CXF) (Stick and Outline Fonts) [zip file] [individual cxf files]
CamBam Fonts (TTF) (Stick Fonts, Each line is cut twice for this font set.)
Liberation Fonts (TTF) (Outline Fonts)

Other Text to G-Code Programs:
Engrave-11 (LinuxCNC)
Hershey Text: An Inkscape extension (Evil Mad Scientist)
DeskEngrave (DeskCNC)
StickFont (NCPlot)
DeskEngrave (DesKAM)
PyCAM (looks like PyCAM can do centering and multiple lines of text. Thumbs up!)

Another Approach to V-carving:
My method for determining the tool paths for v-carving are detailed in the link above. Another method involves calculating Voronoi diagrams or Voronoi nodes. Here are a couple of links to other peoples work.
Calculating Voronoi Nodes and CNC Projects (Andy Payne)
OpenVoronoi (Anders Wallin)

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